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Necklace from the Akta Lakota Museum Shopping Center

Ammonite Fossils
Embossed Print
Limited Edition
Original Work of art

Art Terms

We have compiled a list of commonly used art terms and their meanings. This is a list of words that are used to describe the Native American Art that Akta Lakota Museum & Cultural Center features on their ebay store. We hope this will serve as a handy reference and give you a better understanding of our featured auction items.

Acrylic - Acrylic glazing is a pane or sheet of plastic composite often used in place of glass where safety and weight are a concern. Acrylic is much more impact-resistant than conventional glass and half the weight. Acrylic glazing is often used for framed items with a size of 20" x 24" or larger.

Agates - Hard gemstone that is formed from layers of quartz in a wide variety of colors and textures. As a result, this gemstone often is found in fossils such as dinosaur bone, petrified wood, and other ammonite fossil forms. Ancient beliefs are that agates enhance healing and strengthen mind and body connections to the earth.

Ammonite Fossils - Usually heavier than the original item since they are formed entirely of mineral. Most fossils are made of ordinary rock material, but some are from more exotic gemstone materials such as agate, opal and jasper. Due to the strong life-force that is preserved inside fossils it is believed that fossils improve ones vitality and strength.

Embossed Print - This technique employs a metallic mold, shape or patterned plate, which is placed beneath the paper being printed, prior to it's being pressed, resulting in a low relief or "raised" pattern in the surface of the paper. The technique may be combined with a variety of printing methods but is typically used with etchings or lithographs. Also known as chasing or stamping.

Etching - Considered an original graphic, they are produced as multiples. The artist draws on the surface of a copper or zinc plate, which is coated with an acid-resistant varnish or "ground" using a sharp tool (burin), scribing into the ground and removing the varnish where the lines will appear. The plate is dipped in acid, which exposes or "bites" the soft, exposed metal, creating grooves or sunken channels, which will hold the ink. Ink is rolled onto the plate and fills the grooves. The surface is wiped clean and the inked plate is pressed into moist paper, which releases the ink creating the image in monotone. Sometimes the artist will return to the monotone print and add watercolors to each individual example, making it unique from all others. In most cases, the plate is then defaced or destroyed preventing the creation of any additional prints.

Giclée - Considered an original graphic, they are produced as multiples. The term originates from the French "to spray" and employs inkjet color application and digital color separation. Millions of ink particles can be applied simultaneously to the paper. Flawless color reproduction and extraordinary consistency are the trademarks of this new technology and is rapidly becoming the preferred method of fine-art print production.

Limited Edition - A limited edition is a series of identical prints, which are limited to a one-time printing of a certain number of pieces. The artist determines the size of the edition, and usually signs and numbers each individual piece.

Original work of art - An original work is considered to be an authentic example of the works of an artist, rather than a reproduction or imitation.

Watercolor - An original, one-of-a-kind painting, executed by hand, on paper using water-borne pigment.


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