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Rosebud Sioux Reservation

Reservation: Rosebud Reservation; Todd, Mellette and Tripp Counties
Division: Teton
Band: Sicangu (Brule or Burnt Thigh)
Land Area: 882,416 Acres
Tribal Headquarters: Rosebud, SD
Traditional Language: Lakota
Enrolled Members Living on Reservation: 21,245
Major Employers: Rosebud Sioux Tribe, Bureau of Indian Affairs and Todd County School District

Location of Rosebud Sioux Reservation

The Rosebud Sioux Reservation is located in south central South Dakota and borders the Pine Ridge Reservation on its northwest corner and the State of Nebraska border to the south.

Rosebud tribal flag
Rosebud's Tribal Flag

The reservation consists of rolling hills, timberland and breathtaking canyons. It is located in Todd County; however, the Rosebud Service Unit includes Gregory, Mellette, Todd, Lyman and Tripp Counties in South Dakota. There are 20 communities within the reservation.

The Sicangu Sioux, a Lakota tribe, depended on the buffalo for food, clothing and shelter.

Rosebud Reservation is home to Sicangu Sioux, one of the seven tribes of the Lakota nation. The Lakota were traditionally the ultimate representative of the Plains Indian culture, with organized bands, dependence on the buffalo for food, clothing, etc. and emphasis on warring and raiding.

Under terms of the Ft. Laramie Treaty of 1868, the Lakota were placed on one large reservation that encompassed parts of North and South Dakota and four other states.

After defeating the Indian tribes in the Plains Wars of the 1870s, the United States confiscated 7.7 million acres of the Sioux’s sacred Black Hills and created several smaller reservations. The Sicangu were assigned to live on the Rosebud Reservation.

The Tribal governments maintain jurisdiction within the boundaries of the reservation including all rights-of-way, waterways, watercourses and streams running through any part of the reservation and to such others lands as may hereafter be added to the reservation under the laws of the United States. The Tribal Council consists of a President, Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer, a Sgt-At-Arms and 20 additional Council members ... all of which are elected by the Tribal members.

Today, the major economic occupation on the Rosebud Reservation is cattle ranching and farming for a number of Tribal operators.

The second largest employer is the Rosebud Sioux Tribe through the provison of administrative and other services including the Tribal Land Enterprise, education, healthcare and law enforcement. Tribally operated schools and Sinte Gleska University are large employers. The Rosebud Casino employs a large number of Tribal members. The Tribe also operates a Tribal Ranch, a hunting program for small game, big game, and waterfowl. The Tribe also manages a buffalo herd for food and game production.

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